GLOSSARY OF TERMS

A / B/ C / D / E / F / G / H / I / J / K / L / M / N / O / P / Q / R / S / T / U / V / W / X / Y / Z

Abaft - Behind

Abeam - Area on either side of a ship near the mid section.

About - Direction of travel opposite to that being traveled. "Come About" is to change course 180.

Aero-Beacon - A modern type of light presently used in many lighthouses to produce a characteristic. Also used in many airport beacons.

Aft - Toward the stern or back area of a vessel.

Ahead - In front of or forward of 

Aid to Navigation - Markers, buoys, lights, fog signals, and electronic systems such as G.P.S. & loran. Used to assist mariners in fixing their positions, aid in marking landfalls, mark dangerous shoals and rocks and to enable ships to keep within a channel.

Amidships - Center or middle of a vessel in either length or width.

Avast - Stop

Beam - Width of a vessel at it's widest point.

Binnacle - Pedestal that houses a compass and sometimes a light near the helm (steering wheel) of a ship.

Bow - Front of a vessel.

Bridge - Area of a ship from which the vessel is steered and navigated. Sometimes referred to as the Pilothouse

Bulkhead - Wall or partition dividing a ship into compartments. Also part of the skeleton (ribs) of a ships structure.

Bulwark - Part of the hull of a ship that extends above the main deck from bow to stern forming a rail.

Bunker - Compartment used for storing fuel.

Davit - A boom or crane type device used to raise and lower objects. Commonly used for lifeboats.

Day-Mark - Unique color and/or pattern that identifies an aid to navigation or vessel during daylight hours.

Deck - Floor or horizontal surface extending from one side of a ship to another.

Draft - The depth a vessel extends below the waterline.

Ebbing - A tide falling or moving from high to low water.

Forecastle - The crew's quarters at the bow of a merchant ship or on a sailing vessel, the upper deck located forward of the foremast.

Foremast - The forward most mast of a sailing vessel.

Forepeak - The area below the forecastle, near the bow.

Forward - Toward the front or bow of a ship.

Freeboard - Distance from the waterline to the top of the main deck.

G.P.S. - Global Positioning System that operates off of at least (3) satellites to triangulate location and elevation.

Gunwale - The top of the Bulwark or side rail.

Hatch - A cover used to close and seal a hatchway or opening.

Hatchway - An opening in the deck through which cargo is transferred or persons enter and exit.

Hold - An area below decks used for storage of cargo.

Hull - The frame or body of a ship below the main deck.

Inboard - Toward the center of a ship. Also in smaller vessels, an engine mounted inside the vessel driving a propeller shaft through the hull.

Keel - The spine of a ship that runs from bow to stern at the lowest point.

Lee (Leeward) - Direction the wind is blowing relative to the ship. The side of the ship opposite that of which the wind is coming from is known as the Lee side.

Lighthouse - A tower used as an aid to navigation marking a hazard or point of entrance. Usually consisting of a very bright light atop a tower and often a foghorn or siren and radio beacon.

Lightship - A vessel used to mark a hazardous area and/or guide shipping traffic, anchored in position with a mast mounted beacon and equipped with a steam whistle for fog warning. 

List - To lean exceedingly to one side or the other.

Log - A book for maintaining complete daily records, 

Loran - Long range aid to navigation. Operates off of (3) land based radio towers to triangulate location.

Mooring - The means of tying a vessel to a pier, dock buoy or other vessel. 

Navigation - Directing the course of a vessel. 

Port - A Harbor or Port of Call providing protection for vessels. Also the Left side of a vessel, marked by a red light or day-mark.

Porthole - A round window in the side of a vessel that may be opened or tightly closed to seal out water.

Quarter - Either side of a ship near the stern. "Quartering Seas" are waves approaching  from the front of the ship at an angle.

Radio Beacon - A land based, fixed radio beacon that aids navigation by sending a radio signal. Vessels can determine location by taking bearings from several different signals. 

Range Lights - Two lights or Day-Marks, located a distance apart, visible from one direction only. When  one light is visible directly above the other, you are in the marked channel for safe passage.

Reef - A ridge of rocks, sand, or coral at or near the surface of a body of water.

Seaworthy - A vessels ability to operated in conditions usually found when out to sea.

Ship's Bell - A bell used to signal the time on a ship. Generally constructed of brass.

Shipshape - A vessel operating in a clean, organized & proper order. 

Shoal - An area of rocks or sand at or near the surface of a body of water.

SOS - A distress signal.

Starboard - The right side of a vessel, marked by a green light or day-mark.

Stem - The forward most part of a ship.

Stern - The aft part of a ship.

Tide - The regular rise and fall of the water level along a seacoast or in an ocean port. Gravitational attraction of the moon is the primary cause of tides. With the moon orbiting the earth every 24 hours and 50 minutes, low and high tides are about 12 hours and 25 minutes apart.

Waterline - The point at which the water reaches on a vessel when floating.

Windward - The side of a vessel that is nearest the direction the wind is coming from.

 

Harbors | Lighthouses | Shipwrecks & Scuba Diving | Great Lakes Shipping | Services | Site Map | Links

Any Latitude,  Longitude Coordinates & Navigational Information given in this Web Site is for REFERENCE ONLY! 

Use only current Charts for Navigation, available from many Commercial Marina's.   Please see "terms and conditions"

 

All photographs & images are property of  Midwest Connection,l.l.c. and/or Lakers Photography

URL: www.midwestconnection.com                  Email: webmaster@midwestconnection.com 

Copyright 1999-2006 Midwest Connection, L.L.C.  All rights reserved.


Harbors | Lighthouses | Shipwrecks & Scuba Diving | Great Lakes Shipping | Services | Site Map | Links

Any Latitude,  Longitude Coordinates & Navigational Information given in this Web Site is for REFERENCE ONLY! 

Use only current Charts for Navigation, available from many Commercial Marina's.   Please see "terms and conditions"

 

All photographs & images are property of  Midwest Connection,l.l.c. and/or Lakers Photography

URL: www.midwestconnection.com                  Email: webmaster@midwestconnection.com 

Copyright 1999-2006 Midwest Connection, L.L.C.  All rights reserved.